After Salvadoran soldiers murdered six Jesuits and two women in El Salvador on November 16, 1989, the Bush administration continued to support that oppressive government. On December20, 1989 President George Bush sent a force of 26,000 soldiers to attack Panama,and they killed between 516 and 5,000 civilians. In the 1991 Gulf War the American military killed at least 125,000 Iraqi soldiers and about 50,000 civilians. Former Attorney General Ramsey Clarke accused President Bush and others of war crimes, and in 1992 the 22 judges from 18 nations found the absent defendants guilty of all the charges. Bush imposed sanctions against Iraq, and by the end of 1992 lack of chlorine to purify water and kill mosquitos led to the death of 241,869 children by the end of the year.
On December 3, 1989 US President George H. W. Bush and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev agreed to end the Cold War and begin an era of peace. Their agreement to let reunited Germany stay in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) western alliance was confirmed in February 1990 when the American Secretary of State James Baker promised Gorbachev that NATO would not expand “one inch to the east.” Gorbachev dismantled the eastern alliance of the Warsaw Pact. However, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Hungary were allowed to join NATO in 1999 and Estonia, Latvia,Lithuania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania did so in 2004.